• Rika Astari Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
  • Betty Mauli Rosa Bustam Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Jl. Ringroad Selatan, Tamanan, Bantul, DIY
  • Djamaluddin Perawironegoro Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Indonesia
  • Arie Nugroho Faculty of Medicine UII, Indonesia



breastfeeding, Islamic, Medical, Parenting, Stunting, Understanding of the Qur'an, Muslim society, Breastfeeding of a religious perspective, Breastfeeding of a medical perspective


As a country with a majority Muslim population, it is alleged that the level of understanding of the Indonesian Muslim community towards the verses of the Qur'an is low. The religiosity potential of people who have strong religious beliefs has not been utilized as a means of socializing the urgency of exclusive breastfeeding. One of the districts in Yogyakarta (Kulonprogo), has a high stunting rate in children, as a result of a lack of intake of breast milk in infants. This article aims to show the form of understanding of Yogyakarta Muslim mothers towards the verses of breastfeeding in the Qur'an and the factors of understanding these verses. This research uses a qualitative descriptive approach. Participants in the study consisted of 90 people, namely breastfeeding mothers in the districts of Sleman, Bantul, Kulonprogo, Gunung Kidul), and the city of Yogyakarta. The case study approach used data analysis.

The low understanding of mothers about the commands and benefits of breastfeeding in the Qur'an has been caused by the low role of religious scholars/resources in bringing up the topic of breastfeeding commands, breastfeeding is part of worship in the Qur'an. This research has provided a new perspective in breastfeeding research that has so far been seen from a health perspective. This research seeks to combine health and religious approaches in understanding the benefits of breastfeeding. This paper recommends that it is necessary to optimize the role of Islamic scholars in studying the command to breastfeed in the Qur'an.


Abekah-Nkrumah, G., Antwi, M. Y., Nkrumah, J., & Gbagbo, F. Y. (2020). Examining working mothers’ experience of exclusive breastfeeding in Ghana. International Breastfeeding Journal, 15(1), 1-10.

Al Farisi, M. Z. (2018). The Impact of techniques and translation ideology on the clarity of pragmatic meanings translation of the Qur’anic imperative verses. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 7(3), 676-686.

Althubaiti, A. (2016). Information bias in health research: definition, pitfalls, and adjustment methods. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, 9(2), 211-220.

Amaliasari, G., & Pradanie, R. (2020). The Effect of Breast Treatment and Oxytocin Massage on the Production of Breast Milk. Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience, 17(7), 3047-3052.

Asbar, R., & Tamrin, A. (2020). Breastfeeding practices can potentially prevent stunting for a poor family. Enfermeria Clinica, 30(2), 13-17.

Bensaid, B. (2019). Breastfeeding as a Fundamental Islamic Human Right. Journal of Religion and Health, 8(2), 1-12.

Brockway, M., Benzies, K. M., Carr, E., & Aziz, K. (2018). Breastfeeding self-efficacy and breastmilk feeding for moderate and late preterm infants in the family integrated care trial: a mixed-methods protocol. International Breastfeeding Journal, 13(1), 1-11.

Castagnoli, R., Votto, M., Licari, A., Brambilla, I., Bruno, R., Perlini, S., & Marseglia, G. L. (2020). Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in children and adolescents: a systematic review. JAMA pediatrics, 174(9), 882-889.

Chowdhury, M. F. (2015). Coding, sorting and sifting of qualitative data analysis: Debates and discussion. Quality & Quantity, 49(3), 1135-1143.

Duguay, S. (2016). “He has a way gayer Facebook than I do”: Investigating sexual identity disclosure and context collapse on a social networking site. New Media & Society, 18(6), 891-907.

El Gendy, M. S. (2020). Assessment of the actual practices regarding breastfeeding and weaning among mothers in Al Madinah Al Munawarah. Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Research, 3(4), 276-290.

Fadlillah, M. (2019). The development of an integrative holistic program in early childhood care and education: A policy in the Indonesian context. Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development, 10(12), 1803-1806.

Farías-Antúnez, S., Xavier, M. O., & Santos, I. S. (2018). Effect of maternal postpartum depression on offspring's growth. Journal of Affective Disorders, 228(1), 143-152.

Fawcett, M., & Watson, D. (2016). Learning through child observation. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Fehlert, E., Willmann, K., Fritsche, L., Linder, K., Mat‐Husin, H., Schleger, F., & Fritsche, A. (2017). Gestational diabetes alters the fetal heart rate variability during an oral glucose tolerance test: a fetal magnetocardiography study. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 124(12), 1891-1898.

Felix, R., Hinsch, C., Rauschnabel, P. A., & Schlegelmilch, B. B. (2018). Religiousness and environmental concern: A multilevel and multi-country analysis of the role of life satisfaction and indulgence. Journal of Business Research, 91(2), 304-312.

Fitri, L. (2018). Hubungan BBLR dan asi ekslusif dengan kejadian stunting di Puskesmas Lima Puluh Pekanbaru [Relationship of LBW and exclusive breastfeeding with stunting incidents at Fifty Health Center Pekanbaru]. Journal of Endurance/Jurnal Endurance, 3(1), 131-137.

García Cruz, L. M., González Azpeitia, G., Reyes Súarez, D., Santana Rodríguez, A., Loro Ferrer, J. F., & Serra-Majem, L. (2017). Factors associated with stunting among children aged 0 to 59 months from the central region of Mozambique. Nutrients, 9(5), 491-497.

Hannover, B., Gubernath, J., Schultze, M., & Zander, L. (2018). Religiosity, religious fundamentalism, and ambivalent sexism toward girls and women among adolescents and young adults living in Germany. Frontiers in Psychology, 9(1), 239-245.

Hashem, A., Tabassum, B., & Abd_Allah, E. F. (2019). Bacillus subtilis: A plant-growth-promoting rhizobacterium that also impacts biotic stress. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 26(6), 1291-1297.

Hidayah, U., & Prasetiya, B. (2019). Multicultural education in madrasah diniyah as prevention of religious conservatism. Journal of Tarbiyah/Jurnal Tarbiyah, 26(1), 17-24.

Hossain, M., Choudhury, N., Abdullah, K. A. B., Mondal, P., Jackson, A. A., Walson, J., & Ahmed, T. (2017). Evidence-based approaches to childhood stunting in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 102(10), 903-909.

Islam, M. S., Zafar Ullah, A. N., Mainali, S., Imam, M. A., & Hasan, M. I. (2020). Determinants of stunting during the first 1,000 days of life in Bangladesh: A review. Food Science & Nutrition, 8(9), 4685-4695.

Khandelwal, S., Kondal, D., Chaudhry, M., Patil, K., Swamy, M. K., Metgud, D., & Stein, A. D. (2020). Effect of maternal docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation on offspring neurodevelopment at 12 months in India: A randomized controlled trial. Nutrients, 12(10), 304-311.

Khatun, H., Comins, C. A., Shah, R., Islam, M. M., Choudhury, N., & Ahmed, T. (2018). Uncovering the barriers to exclusive breastfeeding for mothers living in Dhaka's slums: a mixed-method study. International Breastfeeding Journal, 13(1), 1-11.

Koplin, J. J., Kerr, J. A., Lodge, C., Garner, C., Dharmage, S. C., Wake, M., & Allen, K. J. (2019). Infant and young child feeding interventions targeting overweight and obesity: a narrative review. Obesity Reviews, 20(1), 31-44.

Latipah, E., Kistoro, H. C. A., Hasanah, F. F., & Putranta, H. (2020). Elaborating motive and psychological impact of sharenting in millennial parents. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 8(10), 4807-4817.

Mulyaningsih, H., Suyanto, B., & Sugihartati, R. (2020). Discourse and breastfeeding practice in urban communities in Indonesia a Foucauldian perspective. Journal of Communication Studies/Jurnal Studi Komunikasi, 4(3), 597-613.

Nadeem, J., Nadeem, A., Sarwar, M. H., & Sarwar, M. (2017). Breastfeeding benefit from mom gives the gift of a lifetime to the baby for a healthy future. American Journal of Food Science and Health, 3(5), 95-101.

Nadig, M. (2020). Mother-child relationships at the Mosuo. Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy in China, 3(2), 230-243.

Nuraniyah, N. (2018). Not just brainwashed: understanding the radicalization of Indonesian female supporters of the Islamic State. Terrorism and Political Violence, 30(6), 890-910.

Oktarina, Z., & Sudiarti, T. (2013). Faktor risiko stunting pada balita (24—59 bulan) di sumatera [Risk factors for stunting in children under five (24–59 months) in Sumatra]. Journal of Nutrition and Food/Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan, 8(3), 177-180.

Pankalla, A., & Kośnik, K. (2018). Religion as an invaluable source of psychological knowledge: Indigenous Slavic psychology of religion. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, 38(3), 154-162.

Perbowosari, H. (2018). parenting models in building the religious characters of children. Vidyottama Sanatana: International Journal of Hindu Science and Religious Studies, 2(1), 39-48.

Ra, J. S., & Yun, H. J. (2020). Risk factors in early life for preschool children in Korea that are associated with being overweight or obese. Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives, 11(1), 15-23.

Rahmad, A. H. A., & Miko, A. (2016). Kajian stunting pada anak balita berdasarkan pola asuh dan pendapatan keluarga di Kota Banda Aceh [Study of stunting in children under five based on parenting patterns and family income in Banda Aceh]. Indonesian Public Health/Kesmas Indonesia, 8(2), 63-79.

Ramani, S., Shaikh, N., Das, S., Pantvaidya, S., Fernandez, A., & Jayaraman, A. (2019). “Everybody breastfeeds if they have milk”: factors that shape exclusive breastfeeding practices in informal settlements of Mumbai, India. International Breastfeeding Journal, 14(1), 1-10.

Ramezani, S., Khosravi, A., Motaghi, Z., Hamidzadeh, A., & Mousavi, S. A. (2017). The effect of cognitive-behavioral and solution-focused counseling on prevention of postpartum depression in nulliparous pregnant women. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 35(2), 172-182.

Salloum, S. A., Khan, R., & Shaalan, K. (2020, April). A survey of semantic analysis approaches. In Joint European-US Workshop on Applications of Invariance in Computer Vision (pp. 61-70). Springer, Cham.

Shonkoff, J. P., Boyce, W. T., Levitt, P., Martinez, F. D., & McEwen, B. (2021). Leveraging the biology of adversity and resilience to transform pediatric practice. Pediatrics, 147(2), 125-131.

Spagnoletti, B. R. M., Bennett, L. R., Kermode, M., & Wilopo, S. A. (2018). Moralizing rhetoric and imperfect realities: breastfeeding promotions and the experiences of recently delivered mothers in urban Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Asian Studies Review, 42(1), 17-38.

Sukmawati, I., Supriadi, D., Srinayanti, Y., Marliani, H., & Sugiharti, D. N. (2020). Effect of audiovisual on pregnant women knowledge of stunting. In 1st International Conference on Science, Health, Economics, Education, and Technology (ICoSHEET 2019) (pp. 337-340). Atlantis Press.

Utami, A. F., & Wanda, D. (2019). Is the baby-led weaning approach an effective choice for introducing first foods? A literature review. Enfermeria Clinica, 29(1), 87-95.

Van Leeuwen, N., & Van Elk, M. (2019). Seeking the supernatural: The interactive religious experience model. Religion, Brain & Behavior, 9(3), 221-251.

Van Niekerk, B. (2018). Religion and spirituality: What are the fundamental differences?. HTS Theological Studies, 74(1), 1-11.

Vanga, S. K., & Raghavan, V. (2018). How well do plant-based alternatives fare nutritionally compared to cow's milk?. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 55(1), 10-20.

Vittner, D., McGrath, J., Robinson, J., Lawhon, G., Cusson, R., Eisenfeld, L., & Cong, X. (2018). An increase in oxytocin from skin-to-skin contact enhances the development of parent-infant relationships. Biological Research for Nursing, 20(1), 54-62.

Vrublevskaya, P., Moberg, M., & Sztajer, S. (2019). The role of grandmothers in the religious socialization of young adults in post-socialist Russia and Poland. Religion, 49(2), 201-220.

Wang, A. C., Chiang, J. T. J., Chou, W. J., & Cheng, B. S. (2017). One definition, different manifestations: Investigating ethical leadership in the Chinese context. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 34(3), 505-535.

Wang, L., Collins, C., Ratliff, M., Xie, B., & Wang, Y. (2017). Breastfeeding reduces childhood obesity risks. Childhood Obesity, 13(3), 197-204.

Widström, A. M., Brimdyr, K., Svensson, K., Cadwell, K., & Nissen, E. (2019). Skin‐to‐skin contact the first hour after birth, underlying implications, and clinical practice. Acta Paediatrica, 108(7), 1192-1204.

Zahid, M., & Muhammad, N. (2017). Moral teachings of Islam regarding breastfeeding. Journal of Medical Sciences, 25(1), 63-67.

Zheng, T., Chen, W., Hu, H., Wang, Y., Harnett, J. E., & Ung, C. O. L. (2020). The prevalence, perceptions, and behaviors associated with traditional/complementary medicine use by breastfeeding women living in Macau: A cross-sectional survey study. BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies, 20(2), 1-11.




How to Cite